Pony Express Opens

Tuesday, April 3, 1860

A mail carrier for the Pony Express. Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution.

The Pony Express, a horse-based mail service that starts in St. Joseph, Missouri and extends to Sacramento, California, opens and shortens communication time between the east and west coast to 10 days. The route is an important line of communication at the beginning of the Civil War, but it is soon made obsolete by the opening of the Pacific Telegraph line. The service closes on October 24, 1861. 


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