Kansas's Topeka Constitution Adopted by Free-Staters

Saturday, December 15, 1855

Illustration of the Topeka Constitutional Convention. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Free-Staters vote to adopt the Topeka Constitution for Kansas Territory, provisionally banning slavery in Kansas and allowing suffrage for "civilized" male Native Americans, but still excluding blacks from settling in the state. However, the constitution fails to gain the recognition of proslavery settlers and the federal government, including President Franklin Pierce, who declares the Topeka legislature to be illegal and treasonous. 

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