Battle of Black Jack

Monday, June 2, 1856

Black Jack Battlefield. Image courtesy of Kansas Historical Society.

In the unofficial first battle of the Civil War (nearly five years prior to the war's beginning), abolitionist John Brown and his followers attack the forces of a proslavery settler, Henry C. Pate, who holds two of Brown's sons captive. Brown wins the battle, captures 23 prisoners, and exchanges them for his sons.

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