The Ruins of Lawrence, sketched by a correspondant.
William Quantrill leads a guerilla force of about 400 men in a destructive surprise raid on Lawrence, Kansas, a town known since the early days of the border conflict as a free-state stronghold. Quantrill’s men kill about 180 men and boys and destroy about 185 buildings, including a total of about $1.5 million in property, equal today to more than $26 million. Quantrill’s forces soon cross back to Cass County in Missouri, escaping capture from Kansas federal troops led by General James H. Lane.
“Lawrence, Kans., Raid on,” in Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War, ed. Patricia Faust (New York: Harper & Row, 1986), 427
Jeremy Neely, The Border Between Them: Violence and Reconciliation on the Missouri-Kansas Line, (Columbia: University of Missouri, 2007), 121.
Monaghan, Western Border, 274-289.